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Pros and Cons of Electric Vehicle


The world is getting polluted with the increasing number of vehicles. Pollution from vehicles is hazardous to every creature in the earth. If pollution raises in this level than one day each and every people in this world will suffer from ill health. It’s time to think about the alternative way to reduce the pollution. One of the best alternatives to control pollution is the use of electrical vehicles (EVs). Electric Vehicles are the vehicle that runs with the help of rechargeable battery. Instead of filling the vehicles with the fuel, you recharge these vehicles by plugging in to an electrical outlet. In some ways electric vehicles are very similar to conventional vehicles. The accelerator, brake and steering wheel will be familiar to anyone who has driven a car before.

With the rise of environment pollution and the high cost of fossil fuel, it would seem that the EVs would take off. Beside this, EVs has many advantages. It makes environment clean because it has no pollutions emissions since it run with the help of battery. It will help is reducing the oil consumption too. Further, It saves energy which in return saves the environment. It is one of the best vehicles economically and environmentally for the developing nations. Due to constant gasoline and petrol shortages Nepal motorists are being attracted to EVs. Another important thing is emissions of greenhouse gas which is negligible on a global scale; the adverse health effects of air pollution on the people living in urban centers like Kathmandu are not something to be ignored. Tourists perhaps have a better idea of the level of air pollution in Kathmandu. Within two to three days of breathing in the Valley air, it is not unusual for many of them to come down with acute respiratory infections. In such a condition it is serious time to think about the EVs.

Electric vehicles were brought to Nepal in 2001. Though it’s been more than a decade its users are limited. This is due to hefty tax imposed by the government. Until this tax is lowered, electric vehicles will remain out of reach for the people. Lowering duties on emission-free vehicles and their parts to encourage ‘clean’ means of transport could be an important first step in reducing pollution in the valley. REVA cars are the first electric car that has entered in the Nepali automotive market. If we focus on the capital is the best vehicle which is affordable economically and environmentally.

Besides having many advantages there are challenges in the electric cars too. Is it really affordable for the developing nations?. Likewise in the context of Nepal where we have more than 18 hrs of power cut in a day. Is it really suitable? . Similarly the roads are so crowded that most of the timed we stuck in traffic jam what about the charge then? Electric cars are often considered clean in terms of emissions. While this is sometimes true, it is not that simple. The energy source used to provide power to the battery pack might not be so clean. This makes the electric car not so clean. There are many unanswerable needs to be solved before implementing the use of electric vehicles seriously. There is no doubt that for the clean environment electric vehicles is must. Now the time has come to facilitate the greater use of electric vehicles. However, the barriers remain considerable and greater involvement is required from the public administration to tackle “the chicken or the egg” dilemma faced by the sector.

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Vehicle Crime Carjacking

Carjacking is an extremely rare form of vehicle crime. But once it occurs it grab media attention. Carjackers are the person who involved in carjacking. They force your cars off the road, jump drivers at junctions and steal keys from owners outside their homes or offices. Carjackers often target expensive executive cars but drivers of all vehicles should be aware of carjacking risks and take some simple precautions before it occurs. When you confront at this situation violence may occur sometimes.


First and foremost thing to avoid being victims of such crime is to concentrate on your surroundings and the people around you. Whilst driving, especially in unfamiliar areas, be aware of where you are and other drivers. If you feel that another car is driving close to you or has been following you then pull over to give the car a chance to overtake you. If they still continue to follow you then pull off the road to a populated area, such as a petrol station and raise the alarm. Sounding the horn should be enough to not only startle any potential thief but it also draws attention to you. More importantly whilst driving you should always keep your doors locked and your windows up, especially at traffic lights. When cars have stopped some thieves open doors to steal items so you should be careful when stopping at light junctions. Be aware of people around you and the other vehicles. Mostly some car thieves deliberately “bump” other cars forcing the driver out to survey the damage and to exchange insurance details. If you are involved in an accident then you are required to stop by law but you do not have to get out of the car. You may drive slowly to a place that is populated, again a petrol station, in order to speak to the other driver. If at any point the other driver becomes aggressive or threatening towards you then either drive away calmly or call the police.
Unfortunately some car thieves can dishonestly encourage other drivers to stop by pretending they have broken down or are in need of help. Should anyone, other than the police or other appropriate authorities, flag you down and ask you to pull over then you should not do so. If you are genuinely concerned then you should continue to the next garage or police station and report the matter, especially if someone tried to pull you over. Although you may be tempted to pull over and help you should always try to access the situation and ensure that you are not being encouraged into a trap. If you take precautions and be aware than you may get rid of carjackers safely.


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What customers want from vehicle dealers?

Most of the vehicles dealer doesn’t know how to deal with the customers. While informing about their product they argue with the customers which is really frustrating for customers. Vehicle dealers should always keep in mind that they should impress their customers in buying their vehicles rather than making them appalled. We are discussing about some secret our customers have revealed. That is WHAT CUSTOMERS WANT FROM VEHICLE DEALERS .Most dealers have the habit of chasing their customer’s. First and foremost thing is they don’t like chasing. Another important thing they don’t like is arguing with them. Likewise Dealers Company has habit of expressing their own needs. This is not good for customers. It’s better to focus on customers need. Beside these trust is important in business. Dealers must keep their promises to prove themselves of being trustworthy. Apart from this dealers shouldn’t treat their customers as opponent to beat.


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Japanese used cars most “reliable”

Japan has been a rich source of used cars for many years and each day thousands of people are buying and selling used cars from Japan. Japanese cars are not only known for its quality but also for the style they follow. Not even new cars but also the used cars have gained popularity worldwide. Buying or importing a Japanese car first you need to know what you want to buy and whether you can afford it or not. For selecting car you need to go to the auction because they have variety of cars, better car quality and decent price. You can do this even online by becoming a member on such an auction site. The process is simple and as long as you have some bidding experience you should easily find a great deal.

Staff inspecting radiation by radiation alert `INSPECTOR` a highly advance equipments for radiation inspection made in USA.


A Japanese used car have affordable price with high speed capabilities, the impressive fuel saving and the quality technologies. All these characteristics make Japanese cars one of the sources of cheap models completely equipped. It was estimated that most of these used car display a mileage of only 35 up to 40 thousand miles. The Japanese used cars are also in great shape because of the excellent road conditions that have been created in Japan. In addition, the drivers can’t drive their cars above the speed limit because the traffic is always crowded and they are interested in respecting all the traffic rules because of the harsh consequences. Because of the crowded cities, the pollution level is also strictly kept under control and therefore there is a need for fuel efficient and green cars that many of us will feel happy to buy as used.
Total Quality and uniqueness can hardly be availed at one destination but with the help of exporters it becomes easier to gain your requirements in the best possible way. TQM International one of the most experienced and established license holder of Japan that has carved a niche in the field of exporting the used vehicles. It believes in quality service and has been strictly following the total quality marketing from the time of its establishment. In fact, it has been working with a pioneering spirit to meet the global demand of quality automobiles, machinery and equipments (AME). Integrated with experienced and well trained staffs it has been informing throughout each and every step of transaction you do with them. Likewise, there is no doubt that TQM offer wide range of vehicles with the best services at the most affordable prices. After the disaster at the Fukushima first nuclear power plant in Japan every vehicle at TQM has gone through an inspection for radiation contamination as soon as it is brought to stockyards from almost all port of Japan. TQM is equally sincere about the health and environment hazards of the people cause by the radiation. For this reason every vehicles has been radiation tested. Apart from this they are tested and certified by sound professionals and technicians who stamp durability and exceptionality of these cars before reaching the market.
Due to reliability, authenticity, quality and affordable price Japanese used cars have been successful in placing upmost in the world market. It has been playing a vital role in flourishing the AME market. This definitely is helping to boost the economy of Japan. Likewise, it has been successful in fulfilling the demand of the various clients that keep eye on Japanese car market.


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Biofuel to reduce fuel crisis

One should not be confused between biofuel and biodiesel. The term biofuel is referred to as liquid or gas fuel that is produced from biomass. On other hand bio diesel is the type of biofuel that can be used in diesel engines. Biofuel have many priorities, including sustainability, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, regional development, social structure, agriculture and security of supply. A variety of biofuel can be produced from biomass resources including fuels such as ethanol, methanol, biodiesel and gaseous fuel such as hydrogen and methane. Biofuel or biodiseals are fuels that are in essence biodegradable and non toxic. They are manufactured from vegetables oils, waste cooking oils, animals fats.

Besides being the renewable source of energy biofuel is considered as carbon neutral. The amount of carbon dioxide released during combustion of biofuel is supposed to be balanced by the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by the plants themselves during its growth period. Corn, sugarcane, soybean, oil palm and coconut are commonly used for biofuel production. Due to prevailing food security issues and environmental risks the use of these crops as biofuel is highly controversial. People say switching the cultivation of food crops to bio-fuel displaces food crops resulting in significant increase in food price. These biofuel crops compete with valuable and fertile land used for growing crops. The pressure on land for food and biofuel crops speed up deforestation and disturbance to the natural habitat which leads to higher emission of greenhouse gas. Hence, the assumed benefit of carbon balance by the use of these crops cannot be attained. These consequences developed a global interest in developing biofuel from non-food biomass.
Biofuel can be produced in two ways. First, by growing high in sugar or starch rich crops and ferment it to produce ethanol. Second, by growing plants such as oil palm, soybean, algae, or Jatropha those containing high amounts of vegetable oil and converting it to biodiesel.
In the global scenario where the world is going through energy and climate crisis, use of biofuel as alternative source of energy is extremely significant. The demand of oil, key fossil fuel, is increasing continuously while its extraction and supply is declining. It is estimated that these crude oil reserves will be depleted within 50 years at the present level of consumption (80 million barrels/day). On the other hand, the increased greenhouse gas emission due to the intense use of fossil fuel is creating a serious alarm. Burning fossil fuel alone is responsible for 70% of greenhouse gas emissions. It is projected that the greenhouse gas emission from fossil fuel will increase by 50% by the end of 2030. (All these conditions have enhanced the global interest in the use of bio-fuel for energy security and environmental benefit. (Source: Wikipedia)
There are many countries that have been practicing the use of biofuel. Brazil leads in the production and consumption of sugarcane-based ethanol claimed to be seven times more efficient than corn ethanol that is being used in the US. Europe heads the production of biodiesel coming commonly from sunflower and rapeseeds. In the US, it is the soybean and residue oil from cooking industry that supply feedstock for biodiesel. In Brazil, biodiesel is sourced from castor and soybean. East Asian countries rely on palm oil. Nepal has seen some efforts to promoting Jatropha based biofuel since the 1990s. By this time, many of Jatropha plantations have reached harvesting stage that are in the 5th to 10th year of plantation particularly in Khairenitar, Hetauda, and in some areas of Siraha, Sunsari and Rupandehi districts. Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) found oil content in the range from 22.7 percent to 36 percent in the Jatropha seeds collected from Siraha and Rolpa districts respectively.
The test result indicated that level of oil content in the seeds corresponds to altitudes. Low oil percentage was found in the lower altitude and high percentage in the higher altitude. (NAST)

Nepal is developing country which is facing fuel crises frequently. In such situation biofuel can be alternative fuel source for fossil fuel. However having advantages many questions raised for its serious implementation. The major questions are how can we make biofuel viable in the context of Nepal? What can state provide for the development and betterment of bio fuel ? In what way can we make it competitive with the diesel price? How much wills that cost the nation and whether it is justifiable? Beside government private sectors and stakeholders responsibility to think about the plan and program. They should come up with the clear vision they can pressure government for the good policy. If all of us think about it seriously the day will come that we Nepali must not spent most of our time in a long queue to get fuel.


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What is Anti Lock Braking System?

ABS basically means employment of a system that avoids the brakes from locking up (locking of wheel rotation), thereby, improving the braking performance as a result. In other words ABS is an antilock braking system, which is a safety feature that prevents wheel lockup and skidding during emergency braking. It pumps the brakes up to 20 times per second, allowing drivers to keep control of the vehicle during an emergency braking maneuver.
Most of the people have faced a situation most of the times in their lives while driving. You have to stomp on braking due to sudden arrival of an object in front of you or simply because of a deep hole or speed breaker above average height ( which is common in Nepal due to lack of norms for a speed breaker height. ) What do you do then? You would simply thrash the brake pedal with full force. But in most of the cases, the vehicles refuse to stop in time and keep skidding to sliding. All of a sudden, the steering or handle also get so tight that you could not steer the car away from the object. Eventually your vehicle ends up in crashing. As a result you meet with a deadly accident. In fact most of the accidents, take place due to head on crash for which, failure in stopping power is responsible. In most of these cases, the accident could have been avoided if the car was able to be stopped just a feet or so before the point of collision.

Source : Google
Why it happened? Because when you applied brakes with full force, the brakes reached their maximum stopping position causing the wheels to lock up. Now, wheels are locked but due to the weight of car, passengers, and force of speed, the vehicle couldn’t be stopped in such short time. As a result the wheels start skidding or slipping on the road. This is not enough, as due to locking of wheels, the steering also gets so hard that it cannot be operated right or left to avoid hitting the object in front, so what is the remedy?. Simple, press the brake pedal and as the moment you sense wheel lock up, release the brake and apply again and release and apply. It reduces the braking distance and also the steering is operable due to freedom of movement of wheel. Now this is the role of ABS or anti lock braking system which does the above work.
All Nepal Accident Details
Sn Fiscal Year No.of Accident Fatality Serious Accident Normal Accident
1. 063/064 4545 953 2583 5338
2. 064/065 6637 1131 2663 5245
3. 065/066 5519 1356 3609 6457
4. 066/067 7438 1734 4130 6383
5. 067/068 8803 1689 4701 8503
6. 068/069 4010 721 1719 3340
Source: Metropolitan Traffic Police Department

ANTI-LOCK Braking was first designed for trains in the early 1900s and developed for jet aircraft after World War Two. In the late 1960s, motor manufacturers began to adapt ABS for use in luxury cars. However, early prototypes were severely limited by the mechanical and analogue technologies available at the time. Advances in electronics technology in the 70s and 80s however, allowed car manufacturers to develop highly reliable anti-lock braking systems that could be economically installed in a wide variety of vehicles.
ABS is very useful for Nepal where the world’s highest rate of road accidents occur if measured against the available road network density. According to the statistics of world health organization (WHO) one million people are killed and 50 million injured in the road accidents in the world annually. Likewise, 1734 people were killed and 11000 people injured in the road accidents in 2009/2010 AD which according to the road safety analyst is alarming considering the poor, skewed and sparser road network density available in the country. Similarly ninety percent of deaths on roads occur in low and middle income countries like India and Nepal, as rich and developed nations have been able to lower deaths in the accidents. There are many factors that cause road accidents. But in Nepal when the nature of accidents in the Nepalese highways are minutely assess, it is found, among others, that the poorly designed and deficiently constructed guardrails or bunds erected along the edge of the highways to offer levers to the vehicles from falling down the steep terrain tend to cause road casualties. In such type anti lock braking system would be helpful in lessening the accident and its causalities. With an anti-lock braking system, computerized sensors located at each wheel monitor deceleration when the brake is applied. The sensor will detect any wheel lockup and trigger the hydraulic system to automatically pump the brakes up to 20 times per second.


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Challenges in Nepal’s Automobile Industry

Nepal has come along a long way in the automobile sector. Rana Prime Minister Juddha Shamsher Rana introduced vehicle for the first time in Nepal on B.S 1958. Later on it takes professional turn on B.S 2017. Automobile sector provides a very important input to the national economy through its job generating capacity for its unskilled, skilled and semi skilled labors. It can contribute to the upmost to boost country economy if taken seriously. It is a good source of tax revenue.

However, the development in automobile is very sluggish. It has been 3 decades of establishment of Nepal Automobile Dealer Association, it hasn’t flourished yet. This is because government has not focused on developing infrastructure for automobiles. It’s necessary to reduce the hefty excise duty imposed on the import of automobiles. In addition, increase in fuel costs, political instability, the long term growth story of Nepal’s auto Industry remains intact. Another important thing is involvement of private sectors in government agencies like Revenue Advisory Committee, Customs Evaluation Review Committee, Roads Board and National Transport Board is necessary. It is important that government should discuss the issues with the private sector before issuing new rules so that they can be implemented promptly without hassles. However, the initiative of the government to implement Euro 3 standard is praiseworthy. With the implementation of Euro III in Nepal, air pollution can be controlled to some extent. A recent study shows 60 percent of air pollution in the capital is contributed by vehicles. Of a total of 1.2 million vehicles in Nepal, 800,000 are registered in Bagmati zone.

Automobiles sector is the backbone of the national economy. Further, government needs to develop several auto-villages across the country to solve the existing problem of haphazardly stationed garages and auto workshops. It is imperative that the government plays a role in raising Nepal’s auto market through creation of a favorable business environment, attracting investments, promoting R&D and facilitating infrastructure creation. The automobile industry also has the opportunity to proactively establish best in class practices specifically in labor policies and innovative business models for mobility. If government takes initiation and work accordingly this will significantly impact the revenues, costs and profitability of stakeholders. Nepal has higher tax duties in vehicles as compare to other countries. Government has imposed one of the world’s highest import duties 240 per cent on automobiles and increase in excise duty by 10 percent. It is no wonder that Nepal’s auto industry is suffering from a terrible decline in sales. Two other reasons behind deceleration of auto transactions are difficulty in accessing auto loans and high interest rates on available ones.

However; there are various issues still to be taken care of. The government fails to value the contribution of the sector in nation building. It never comes up with improved policies for the development of this sector. The policy makers are not aware of this problem and do not try and alleviate it in order to improve the role of the automobiles industry. Focusing on issues related to the customs duty structure, auto traders that the government need to examine them and come up with a concrete agenda. In fact , harsh taxation policy against the sector has been blockage for the development of this sector. Issues related with taxation have been coming around time and again and government fails to address it every time. The relatively easy availability of auto loans and inflow of remittance had helped the automobile industry to survive. Government should think about road expansion rather than imposing high duties on automobile imports.